UNESCO has established the institution of World Heritage Sites, in order to promote the identification, protection and preservation of cultural and natural heritage, which has significant value to humans. It has to do with monuments, groups of buildings and sites with historical, aesthetic, archaeological, scientific, ethnological or anthropological value.
The village of Pythagorio in Samos and the archaeological site of Heraion have been included since 1992 in the list of 17 (in total) Greek World Cultural Heritage Monuments.
Heraion of Samos are the ruins of the eponymous temple of antiquity, which was dedicated to the goddess Hera. The characteristic image of Heraion is a single column that remains upright. The area of Heraion was the ancient place of worship, which is shown by the fact that in the area there are ruins of at least 4 temples. Herodotus mentions that Heraion of Samos was the largest temple in Greece.
During antiquity, Pythagorio was the ancient city of Samos and was considered one of the greatest cities at that time. The port of the current settlement coincides with the port of the ancient city, which Herodotus describes as one of the wonders of the island and is considered the oldest artificial port in the Mediterranean Sea. The ruins of Greek and Roman monuments and the impressive “Tunnel of Eupalinos” are memorable monuments that everyone should visit, while being on holidays in Samos.